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Connectivity patterns of coastal fishes following different dispersal scenarios across a transboundary marine protected area (Bonifacio strait, NW Mediterranean)

TitleConnectivity patterns of coastal fishes following different dispersal scenarios across a transboundary marine protected area (Bonifacio strait, NW Mediterranean)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsKoeck, B, Gérigny, O, Durieux, EDominique, Coudray, S, Garsi, L-H, Bisgambiglia, P-A, Galgani, F, Agostini, S
JournalEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
Volume154
Pagination234 - 247
ISSN0272-7714
KeywordsIchthyoplankton
Abstract

Abstract The Strait of Bonifacio constitutes one of the rare transboundary Marine Protected Areas (MPA) of the Mediterranean Sea (between Sardinia, Italy and Corsica, France). Based on the hypothesis that no-take zones will produce more fish larvae, compared to adjacent fished areas, we modeled the outcome of larvae released by coastal fishes inside the no-take zones of the \{MPA\} in order to: (1) characterize the dispersal patterns across the Strait of Bonifacio; (2) identify the main potential settlement areas; (3) quantify the connectivity and the larval supply from the \{MPAs\} to the surrounding areas. A high resolution hydrodynamic model (MARS 3D, Corse 400 m) combined to an individual based model (Ichthyop software) was used to model the larval dispersal of fish following various scenarios (Pelagic Larval Duration \{PLD\} and release depth) over the main spawning period (i.e. between April and September). Dispersal model outputs were then compared with those obtained from an ichthyoplankton sampling cruise performed in August 2012. There was a significant influence of \{PLD\} to the connectivity between coastal areas. The synchronization between spawning and hydrodynamic conditions appeared to be determinant in the larval transport success. Biotic and abiotic parameters affecting the dispersal dynamic of fish larvae within the Strait of Bonifacio were identified and synthesis maps were established as a tool for conservation planning.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0272771415000232
DOI10.1016/j.ecss.2015.01.010