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Changes in egg buoyancy during development and its effects on the vertical distribution of anchovy eggs

TitleChanges in egg buoyancy during development and its effects on the vertical distribution of anchovy eggs
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsOspina-Álvarez, A, Palomera, I, Parada, C
JournalFisheries Research
Volume117–118
Pagination86–95
Date Publishedapr
ISSN0165-7836
KeywordsEgg buoyancy, Egg density, European anchovy, Ichthyop, Individual based model, Vertical distribution, {CUFES}, {IBM}
Abstract

Small pelagic fish populations exhibit reproductive strategies resulting from past natural selection pressure, by which certain traits become more or less common in a population, allowing them to adapt and become better suited to certain habitats. One such adaptation is the buoyancy of eggs, which is observed as density changes during development. This is an important issue in fisheries and modeling science, as it affects the vertical distribution of eggs and, therefore, egg transport. Recently, individual-based models for anchovies in the Mediterranean have focused on developing adequate biological algorithms to simulate realistic spatial variations of eggs and larvae. Some models that include movements of particles according to Stokes’ law also assume a constant value of egg density during egg development. However, field observations show differences in the vertical distribution of eggs when egg density during development is considered. We address the problem of egg density and its vertical distribution within a biological context. In Mediterranean waters, the incubation time for anchovy eggs during peak spawning is approximately 48–70 h; during these first hours, egg density has an influence on the horizontal and vertical trajectories of eggs, as well as their routes and hatching zones. In this study, we introduce an algorithm describing the egg density of European anchovy eggs throughout development. Egg density measurements were carried out in a density gradient column ({DGC}). We fitted a polynomial model that estimated egg density, as a function of time from fertilization and that was dependent on temperature. Simulations to study the vertical transport of eggs in the Mediterranean were carried out using {ICHTHYOP}/{MARS}3D. The vertical distribution of pelagic eggs was determined by a set of interacting biological and physical parameters related to eggs (density, diameter) and ambient seawater (density, viscosity, turbulence), respectively. The egg buoyancy model introduced here was validated and will provide insight for the design of anchovy egg surveys, as the vertical position of the eggs in the water column during development can be inferred by the hydrographic structure of seawater.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165783611000506
DOI10.1016/j.fishres.2011.01.030